外贸知识

【美国】Eating Custom and Practice

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美国人吃饭用刀叉,而且他们的用餐方式是很有讲究的。因此,在应邀与美国朋友一起吃饭时,应特别注意他们的用餐习惯。一般情况下,餐桌上摆放有一幅餐刀和两幅餐叉,外边的餐叉供你吃色拉,里边的餐叉用于吃主食和其它点心食品,餐刀用来切肉食。如果你两手并用,应左手握叉,右手握刀,而且一次握刀时间不能太长。美国人的早餐有:炒或煮鸡蛋、香肠、油炸土豆片、薄煎饼、果子冻、烤面包、松饼、桔子汁以及咖啡等。

EatingCustomandPractice用餐习惯

Americaneatingisfunny.Theyeatalmosteverythingwithafork,anditappearsthatholdingaknifeinone’srighthandlongerthanafewsecondsisconsideredtobeagainstgoodtablemanners.
Thesystemisthatifitisabsolutelynecessarytouseaknife,peopletaketheforkintheirlefthand,andcutoffapieceofmeatorwhateveritisinthenormalmanner.Thentheyputtheknifedown,transfertheforktotheirrighthand,andonlythendotheytransportthefoodtotheirmouth.Thisisclearlyludicrous(滑稽可笑),butitisconsideredgoodmanners.
Thereareseveralresultsofthissystem.First,ifitisnotabsolutelynecessarytouseaknife,Americansdon’tuseone,becauseobviouslythisgreatlycomplicates(使复杂化)things,andyouwillthereforeseethemtryingtocutthingslikepotatoes,fishandevenbacon(熏猪肉)withafork.Second,towardstheendofacourse,sinceonlyoneimplement(器具)isbeingused,foodhastobochasedaroundtheplatewiththefork―andforthelastmouthfulthethumbhastobeusedtokeepthefoodinplace,althoughoneisnotsupposedtodothis.
Third,tablesaregenerallylaidwithoneknifeandtwoforks,theoutsideforkbeingforthesalad.ThereisnoneedforforeignvisitorstofollowtheAmericansystemandtrytoeatthesaladwithonlyafork,butifyoudouseyourknife,remerbertosaveitforthemeatcourse.Evendesserts(甜食)(excepticecream)areeatenwithaforkifatallpossible,andthespoonyouseebyyourdessertismeanttobeforcoffee(butifyouuseitforyourdessertnoonewillsayanything).

SomeBreakfastDishes早餐食谱

Breakfastinarestaurantisaveryenjoyableexperience.Ifyouordereggsinarestaurant,thewaiter/waitresswillaskyouhowyouwantthem.Youcanreplythatyouwantthem”scrambled(炒)”or”boiled”.Itisnotsufficient,however,toaskforthem”fried”;youwillhavetospecifywhetheryouwouldpreferthem”sunny-side-up”(煎一面),”over”(两面煎),”over-easy/easy-over”(两面煎,但蛋黄仍然呈流体状).
Americansausage(香肠)comesinslicesandisquitespicy.Butyoucanalsohavelinksausage.
Americanbaconcomesinsmallstrips,canberatherfat,andisservedcrispy.Itisusuallyverytasty,andyoucaneatitwithyourfingers.
“Hashbrows”(油炸土豆片)areshredded(切成碎片的)andfriedpotatoes.Theyarewonderful,especiallywithfriedeggsandketchup(蕃茄酱).
“Pancakes”,sometimescalled”hotcakes”,aremadewithbakingpower.Theyarenormallyservedinapile,andyouaresupposedtoputbutterandsyrup(果浆)onthem.
“Jelly”(果子冻)isjamandincludesgrapejelly,whichisverytasty.
Toastisoftenservedalreadybuttered.
“Englishmuffins(松饼)”arelikesmallcrumpets(烤饼)withouttheholesandareservedtoasted.Youputjamonthem.
A”biscuit”(软饼)isasnall,scone-likebreadroll,oftenservedhot.
Orangejuiceandcoffeeareoftensercedwithbreakfast.

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