外贸知识

物流常用英语词汇

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基本概念 术语

1.物品 article

2.物流 logistics

3.物流活动 logistics activity

4.物流作业 logistics operation

5.物流模数 logistics modulus

6.物流技术 logistics technology

7.物流成本 logistics cost

8.物流管理 logistics management

9.物流中心 logistics center

10.物流网络 logistics network

11.物流信息 logistics information

12.物流企业 logistics enterprise

13.物流 单证 logistics documents

14.物流联盟 logistics alliance

15.供应物流 supply logistics

16.生产物流 production logistics

17.销售物流 distribution logistics

18.回收物流 returned logistics

19.废弃物物流 waste material logistics

20.绿色物流 environmental logistics

21.企业物流 internal logistics

22.社会物流 external logistics

23.军事物流 military logistics

24.国际物流 international logistics

25.第三方物流 third-part logistics (TPL)

26.定制物流 customized logistics

27.虚拟物流 virtual logistics

28.增值物流服务 value-added logistics service

29.供应链 supply chain

30.条码 bar code

31.电子数据交换 electronic data interchange (EDI)

32.有形消耗 tangible loss

33.无形消耗 intangible loss 奖罚

物流作业 术语

1.运输 transportation

2.联合运输 combined transport

3.直达运输 through transport

4.中转运输 transfer transport

5.甩挂运输 _drop and pull transport

6.集装运输 containerized transport

7.集装箱运输 container transport

8.门到门 door-to-door

9.整箱货 full container load (FCL)

10.拼箱货 less than container load (LCL)

11.储存 storing

12.保管 storage

13.物品储存 article reserves

14.库存 inventory

15.经常库存 cycle stock

16.安全库存 safety stick

17.库存周期 inventory cycle time

18.前置期(或提前期) lead time

19.订货处理周期 order cycle time

20.货垛 goods stack

21.堆码 stacking

22.搬运 handing/carrying

23.装卸 loading and unloading

24.单元装卸 unit loading and unloading

25.包装 package/packaging

26.销售包装 sales package

27.定牌包装 packing of nominated brand

28.中性包装 neutral packing

29.运输包装 transport package

30.托盘包装 palletizing

31.集装化 containerization

32.散装化 containerization

33.直接换装 cross docking

34.配送 distribution

35.共同配送 joint distribution

36.配送中心 distribution center

37.分拣 sorting

38.拣选 order picking

39.集货 goods collection

40.组配 assembly

41.流通加工 distribution processing

42.冷链 cold chain

43.检验 inspection 奖罚

物流技术装备及设施 术语

1.仓库 warehouse

2.库房 storehouse

3.自动化仓库 automatic warehouse

4.4立体仓库 stereoscopic warehouse

5.虚拟仓库 virtual warehouse

6.保税仓库 boned warehouse

7.出口监管仓库 export supervised warehouse

8. 海关 监管货物 cargo under customer’s supervision

9.冷藏区 chill space

10.冷冻区 freeze space

11.控湿储存区 humidity controlled space

12.温度可控区 temperature controlled space

13.收货区 receiving space

14.发货区 shipping space

15.料棚 goods shed 16.货场 goods yard

17.货架 goods shelf

18.托盘 pallet

19.叉车 fork lift truck

20.输送机 conveyor

21.自动导引车 automatic guided vehicle (AGV)

22.箱式车 box car

23.集装箱 container

24.换算箱 twenty-feet equivalent unit (TEU)

25.特种货物集装箱 specific cargo container

26.全集装箱船 full container ship

27.铁路集装箱场 railway container yard

28.公路集装箱中转站 inland container depot

29.集装箱货运站 container freight station (CFS)

30.集装箱码头 container terminal

31.国际铁路联运 international through railway transport

32.国际多式联运 international multimodal transport

33.大陆桥运输 land bridge transport

34.班轮运输 liner transport

35.租船运输 shipping by chartering

36.船务代理 shipping agency

37.国际货运代理 international freight forwarding agent

38.理货 tally

39.国际货物运输保险 international transportation cargo insurance

40.报关 customs declaration

41.报关行 customs broker

42.进出口商品检验 commodity inspection 奖罚

物流管理术语

1.物流战略 logistics strategy

2.物流战略管理 logistics strategy management

3.仓库管理 warehouse management

4.仓库布局 warehouse layout

5.库存控制 inventory control

6.经济订货批量 economic order quantity (EOQ)

7.定量订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FQS)

8.定期订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FIS)

9.ABC分类管理 ABC classification

10.电子订货系统 Electronic order system (EOS)

11.准时制 just in time (JIT)

12.准时制物流 just-in-time logistics

13.零库存技术 zero-inventory logistics

14.物流成本管理 logistics cost control

15.物料需要计划 material requirements planning (MRP)

16.制造资源计划 manufacturing resource planning (MRP II)

17.配送需要计划 distribution requirements planning (DRP)

18.配送资源计划 distribution resource planning (DRP II)

19.物流资源计划 logistics resource planning (LRP)

20.企业资源计划 enterprise resource planning (ERP)

21.供应链管理 supply chain management (SCM) 22.快速反映 Quick response (QR)

23.有效客户反映 efficient customer response(ECR)

24.连续库存补充计划 continuous replenishment program (CRP)

25.计算机付诸订货系统 computer assisted ordering ()

26.供应商管理库存 vendor managed inventory (VMI)

27.业务外包 outsourcing …

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